The plot by the
Furrier Monopoly to take control of the United States.
Bay Company whose territory was outlined in this map of Canada controled most
of Canada's furs, Most of the rest of Canada's furs were controled by their
major rival The North
Russia controled all the rest of
the Northern lands (and it's furs) from Alaska all the way around the globe
to Canada except for Finland and Norway. After the American Revolution the Hudson
Bay Company came up with a daring plan to corner the market on all far northern
furs by forming a consortium with The North West Company, Russia's Queen Catherine
and Norway which would give them control of over 95% of the worlds warm furs.
Their plan was to wait until the
United States formed and then buy the presidency of the United States with liquor,
bribes and promises. Then they intended to triple the price of North American
furs in Europe. They were very resolved to pursue the endeavor no matter what
Their problem had always been that they did not
control the trappers who were independent. The trading companies were the only ones around
that the trappers could sell furs to so they had a monopoly. The trading companies controlled the routes out of Canada as well.
If the price of furs then went high, as the trading companies planned, then the trappers could simply transport their furs out to Europe through any of the 13 states. They could have easily broken any monopoly that way. However the trading companies had a plan. When
the Unted States was formed and the Constitution signed the trading companies planned to install their own president who would then
stop the transportation of furs through any of the states. Then the Hudson Bay company would have
a monopoly on all the furs.
The key to their plan was the presidency
of the United States and the person they intended to put in that position was
the head or one of two partners in a company out of New York or Boston. He was
not born in the US and since he was not yet a citizen it was an easy way to
stop him in his tracks. He was actually French I think and had been in Canada
north of the Great Lakes. He was a Daniel Boone type of character and most people
That one line in the Constitution
which prevents foreign born citizens from becoming the president was placed
just to keep that one person from becoming president.
The whole Hudson Bay company scheme
fell apart because if it.
Some of Thomas Jefferson's records
will refer to it. I do recall writing about it at the time of my/his election.
And again, about two years into the presidency and early in the diary written
while in France. However, the diary entry was just an a abbreviated statement
about defeating the furriers interests in the north or in Canada. It's not a full
statement and is not conclusive on it's own. It's certainly does not constitute
the evidence needed in this endevor. Everyone else in the world knew about it
though. I am certain hundreds of references can be located and price changes
that occurred in the fur industry can be tied into the finding out about what
the phrase was meant for as well as the signing of the constituiton itself.
Who gained and who lost the most from this is all you need to find out in order to locate the evidence?
The French records must have information
on this though the Hudson Bay Company stayed tight lipped about it the whole
time. At least one of the other companies involved had investors that they were trying to impress
with this plan so it was almost certainly published.
Of the four major trading companies
involved I think probably two have information in St. Petersburg since they
had control of some of the operations and dealt with in Russian royalty. Maybe the Russian's were
going to make more money because of it. I just remember that It was a big issue
with those Russian royalty who were visiting Paris when I was there. They were buying up everything they could take back to Russia..on credit. Jefferson was even told that
his life would be short if he went near Russia!
Now, I recall. It was mainly Queen
Catherine who got upset. Their main source of funds were furs and she was looking
at doubling Russia's income in a year once they got their man in as president.
As I recall she used lots of the money beforehand.
She built the Russian army and then
started the Russo-Turkish War based on a projected increase of fur profits.
She was the main one that was upset and to the point of screaming and killing.
Most of the rest of the Russian aristocrats didn't care since they got nothing
from those taxes and most of them were hooked on Opium. Those records in St
Petersburg were probably destroyed several times including during WWII but there
must be a few records on the internet or elsewhere that will prove it.*
Yes Maria, it is possible to change
that part of the Constitution since it has done it's work and has long ago outlived
* There is aparently some evidence
on the internet that points towards a planned world wide monopoly on furs after all. Principally
among these was Rezanov who was one of the ten Barons of Russia and a close
friend of Queen Catherine. The most information on the internet is found in
Encyclopedia Britannica. Since the Russians had no free press at the time we must read between the lines to figure out
what really happened.
Meeting (in 1788) [with] Shelikov,
chief of the Shelikov-Golikov Fur Company, Rezhnov became interested in the
merchants project to obtain a monopoly of the fur trade in those distant dependencies.
Conscious of latent energies, and already tired of the pleasures of a dissolute
court, he became a partner in the company, and rapidly developed into a keen
and tireless man of business.
Is it white wash or hog wash? Take
your pick. The truth is that the truth was whatever the Queen said was the truth.
One thing that is true was stated
here and that is that an independent company wanted a monopoly on all Russian
furs in 1788 which is right before the US Constitution was ratified in 1789.
(Just this is an immediate confirmation. The timing is just too close to be
Notice that Queen Catherine did not
wait for the signing of the Constitution to do her part in the Hudson Bay Company
plot. By the time the Constitution was signed Queen Catherine completely controlled
the fur trade from Finland across all of Russia, through Alaska and took liberties
across about half of Canada. The control would have been complete if the monopoly
I think this is what really happened
based on just this little bit of information.
Catherine's representative, Baron
Rezhnov, made her a partner in exchange for the fur monopoly. (That meant
the company gave half the profits to the Baron who took out a couple percent
and gave her the rest.)
One big issue is why did they keep
the details of this huge enterprise a secret in Russia even after the fact if not for this reason. Desimination of information is
of paramount importance to the success of many ventures that employ independent
operators. She would have made it public if there was not an attempt to monopolize the fur trade going
on behind the scenes.
Previously Russia only taxed furs
a measly 10% from the trappers and this plan would have brought in 50% or more. However
they appear to have waited for something to happen elsewhere in the world
because Catherine's Fur company spent lots of time doing next to nothing. I guess
she was waiting for one of the fur company alternate plots to work, including
an assassination of George Washington. Remember they had many upset trappers
who were used to killing large animals with rifles and would have volunteered to do the same thing to our president.
It possibly could have been because
of the money that was involved. This may be of interest to you as
well as the accompaning article about the Alaska Fur trade.
In 1810 a
single prime adult female sea otter pelt sold for as much as one thousand rubles,
an amount that equaled the total annual salary of three Russian fur traders. PBS
Russia in Alaska 1825 (click
for full sized)
You can see how much of Alaska the Russians were claiming. On the right is the Rocky Mountains.
© 2004 John